Different Types of Paving Materials: A Beginner’s Guide

Paving substances are extensively divided into two different types — composite and quarried. The previous (which is processed when soft after which fireplace dried) contains paving ideas which include bricks and concrete. The latter contains quarried stone substances that are first dug out and then molded into desired shapes by using splitting, cutting, or crushing. Choosing the correct choice one of the categories of paving substances could seem a thrilling task.

However, with so many ideas available, you might get confused. Every kind comes with its possess advantages and disadvantages. Knowledge the key attributes of each classification will assist you in deciding on the ideal option, which goes your necessities and budget.

An Evaluation of the Different Types of Paving Materials

Paving Fabric TypeUSP (Unique Promoting Point)
SlateUnique texture and color
GraniteTough and weather-resistant
LimestoneDistinct, velvety finish
SandstoneEasily accessible and simple to work with
Cast-in-place concreteCheapest paving material
Pre-cast concreteHuge wide variety of colors and textures
BrickSuitable for all local weather types

Quarried Stones

stone paversPixabay

Stones fall lower than the quarried kind and they are one of the common and most suitable paving materials. Available in various colors, shapes, and sizes, natural stones offer an enormous cost wide variety and are durable and versatile. You have the luxury to select a stone variant as consistent with your fashion specifications — ranging from irregularly formed flagstones to precisely reduce geometric blocks. Again, stones may be classified into various types, that are as follows:


Slate is accessible in a myriad of textures and unique, subtle colors. Relatively attractive and often used as a flagstone, slate is straightforward to be shaped into flat, personalized slabs. Do note. This factor additionally limits its utilization as an outdoor material. Heavy traffic and cruel climate stipulations can often cause slate to chip and flake.

Pro tip: Always use slate as a paving material in sheltered locations or areas with a delicate climate.


If your important requirement is durability and strength, then nothing can beat granite. Perfect for formal outdoor spaces, granite is available in cubes, brick-shaped pieces, or uniform-sized flagstones. It offers the largest wide variety of options, among organic stones, in phrases of colors. However, when you consider that granite is so hard, it is rough to quarry and install — making it a luxurious option.

Pro tip: Whilst cost is a concern, use colorful granite sets as accents over your pavers. This would bring in its stylish appears and shall curb your costs.


When budget is a concern, gravel is generally a go-to preference for home owners. It is simple to install, is available in stunning texture variations, and is a wonderful selection if you want a casual seem in your landscape. The cons of gravel include it being liable to undergrowth. It’s also a bit risky to tread on.

gravel paversPixabay

Pro tip: If you wish to buy gravel, necessarily search for this label — “1/4 inch minus”. Anything with dimensions bigger than this will shift and trigger instability to increase.


The fine-textured limestone offers a distinct, soft look and is frivolously colored. It physical activities a limited wide variety in phrases of shades. But it is extraordinarily easy to mould and reduce into various shapes and sizes. The composition of limestone makes it susceptible to acid rain. Non-stop exposure can cause pitting and influence on your pavement wearing out with time.

Pro tip: Decide on limestone if you want a distinct, velvety finish. Also, check for acid rain frequency. So, if you don’t stay in a neighborhood with a major acid-rain problem, then you may use it with none worry.


Sandstone is a flexible paving material, chiefly because it could mixture in with almost any variety of landscape. It’s also available in a limiteless number of colour options. Additionally, it’s simple to work with, is much less expensive, and offers a similar point of durability like granite. This classification of quarried stone is definitely available everywhere and you could get almost any quantity of stones, as required, in any locality.

Pro tip: Whilst budget, durability, and availability are concerns, go for the all-rounder paving material, i.e sandstone.


concrete pavingPixabay

Composite are extra versatile and flexible whilst compared to quarried stones. You can easily mildew them into one-of-a-kind dimensions and even discover them in numerous price ranges. The image of quarried materials, composites are available in a gamut of colors, textures, and styles. Less than are the 3 models of popular composite pavers.

Cast-in-Place Concrete

Affordable and the traditional go-to preference for max home owners, concrete is really easy to put in and maintain. Now, in case you suppose that cast-in concrete is plain due to the fact it is a traditional choice, then you definitely aren’t totally correct. Nowadays, you could get it in several patterns, textures and colors, to brighten up your outdoors.

Precast Concrete

Modular and available in many shapes, sizes, and shades, precast concrete pavers are excellent if you want the unique look of stone but don’t wish to spend numerous dollars. You can also get modular permeable systems, that will soak in water instead of creating runoff — thereby, making it gorgeous for driveways, walkways, and patios.


brick pavingPixabay

Classic brick blocks, with their reddish tones, shall lend warmth to any backyard space. A blend of several uniformly sized bricks brings in a fun tone and suits almost all kinds of hardscapes. You could use them in wood decks and also in combination with other paving materials.


So there! Mentioned above are the differing kinds of paving materials from which you can choose one that matches your surrounding landscape. It should combination in together with your fence, garden walls, plants, and the other outside components that you’re using. Whatsoever you do, spend a while and do the required research before arriving at a decision. Because, when you set up your paving, it shall stay in your garden or lawn for a number of years — affecting the long run visual appeal of your exteriors.

Different Types of Paving Materials: A Beginner’s Guide became final modified: February 18th, 2021 via Anisha Dutta